Stay Away From Drugs

The use of drugs has become very common today and is greatly affecting the environment. Drugs are destroying the lives of many children and youth. Drugs are also taken by athletes in order to enhance their performance but it is illegal to take drugs for performing better. Therefore, it has now become essential to stop the use of drugs. Here we will be discussing about Drug Testing.

Drug Testing can be defined as a testing of biological things like urine, saliva, sweat or hair to see the presence of some specific drugs. It may also be done to find out illegal use of drugs and other substances which are not allowed in athletics or specific occupations. Not only this, as children and youth have also started taking drugs, it is definitely important to perform drug tests as it is destroying their lives. Drug Testing is generally done in four different ways:

1)Urine Test – In this process the person who is been tested has to go inside the bathroom and fill a cup with his/her urine. In order to get the results immediately a test card is used or it is sent to a laboratory for testing by using a gas analyzer.

2)Blood Test – This is not a very common form of drug testing as it is very expensive. It is usually done for employment posts which require such tests or while buying insurance policies.

3)Saliva Test – This is also not very common as it can only detect toxins that are used just three to four days back. This method is generally used by insurance companies and law enforcement bodies.

4)Hair Follicle Test – This method of drug testing is accurate to a great extent and can detect all the toxins taken in a period of time as long as six months. In order to escape this test people shave their head, but the people conducting the test will use underarm, leg, arm or pubic hair if one does not have the half inch hair on his/her head that is required for the test.

Drug testing is generally done for the following five specific drugs:

1-Cocaine which includes cocaine, benzoylecognine, crack

2-Opiates including heroin, morphine, opium, codeine

3-Cannabinoids including hash, marijuana

4-Phencyclidine (PCP)

5-Amphetamines which includes amphetamines, speed, methamphetamines For drug testing a form has to be signed by the person on whom the tests will be conducted. The person has to give his consent for the test. If the tests are done on anyone below 18 years of age then consent must be taken from his/her parents.

Drug Testing is a very controversial issue as some people support it and others are against it. There have been cases where athletes are found under the influence of drugs. They use steroids to enhance their performance. Today, intake of drugs has become very common especially amongst children and youth, which is polluting the environment at schools, workplaces, etc. Therefore, something has to be done to eradicate it and hence drug testing is important so that the future generation can be saved from destruction.

Symptoms and Signs of Teen Drug Abuse

Teenagers are highly touchy to drug abuse. Unaware of the risks associated, teens initiate and continue drug abusing habits risking their valuable lives. Parents should keep an eye on their children and look for the symptoms and signs of drug abuse to save them from this harmful habit.

Following are warning signs and symptoms that indicate teen drug abuse:

Physical and health issues:

Intake of drugs by teens, mostly affects the brain. The brain is still in a developing stage till the age of 25 years. Therefore, when teens use harmful drugs like nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, ecstasy or any other illicit substances, they quickly get addicted to it when compared to adults.

Other physical and health issues that are associated with drug abuse are:

Changes in appetite:

Teenagers addicted or prone to drug abuse, either eat more or less than they need. You can notice change in their eating habits. You will also notice that either the teen has gained or lost weight. Some other drastic changes that may indicate drug abuse in teens are, change in sleep pattern and hobbies, angry outbursts and clothing style.

Depression, anxiety or moodiness:

Many teens use drugs to feel the high. But they are unaware that using drugs will deal with problems such as anxiety, depression and mood swings. Sudden behavioral changes in teens could be a sign of hormonal changes or it could be due to drug abuse. Pay attention to such sudden and drastic changes in teens, as it could be an indication that they are in trouble and need help from their loved ones.

Neglecting physical appearance:

Normally teens are very conscious and concerned about their physical appearance, grooming, clothing and personal hygiene. Teens who abuse drugs often focus less on their physical appearance. They don’t want to maintain even their personal hygiene and cleanliness. They don’t care about the way they look.

Change in friends:

Teenagers addicted to drugs drop regular old friends. They join new groups of friends. The change in friends and new hangouts, and getting very secretive about the new friends, is a clear indication that the teen is with a wrong group of friends, who will encourage the teen to experience drugs.

Unexplained need for money:

Illicit drugs are expensive. Teens consuming illicit drugs may ask for money quite often, without giving any specific reason. Their unexplained need for money, if not fulfilled, may lead to loss of money from their parents’ wallet, valuables missing from home or borrowing money from friends and relatives. Parents should keep a close watch on their teens, when it comes to money matters.

To detect/confirm drug abuse, use reliable drug test kits:

On discovering your teen abusing illicit drugs, you can prevent situation from worsening, by detecting/confirming drug abuse in the privacy of your home, by using reliable, accurate, fast and FDA-approved drug test kits.

Various Characteristics of a Substance Abuser

Substance abuse is one of the primary matters of concern that remains an obstacle for healthy lifestyle both in adults as well as in teens today. Substance abuse is not only dangerous for the abuser, but also affects the people around them severely. So it is important to keep an eye out for drug abusers around us. Substance abusers exhibit some characteristics that disrupt their physical and social life. Here, we will know some of those characteristics:

Problems at school or work Unhealthy habits such as substance abuse create many problems at school or workplace. Youth addicted to drugs or alcohols miss their classes regularly. Sudden drop in grades and quitting the extracurricular activities are some of the consequences of substance abuse in students. In the same way, substance abuse among employees results in frequent absenteeism and poor performance at work. Many of them will be involved in accidents at workplaces. Thereby, it affects the career of the substance abuser.

Neglect grooming Change in the physical appearance is one of the characteristics of substance abusers. They neglect the regular grooming activities such as brushing hair, showering, and so on as their priorities shift to the constant need for the drug. Drug abuse therefore affects their personal hygiene. It is also associated with many health issues.

Health issues Some of the health effects among the substance abusing people include irritability, change in weight, lack or excessive amount of energy, impaired coordination, raising heartbeat etc. The functions of various important organs such as brain, heart, lungs, liver, and others get impaired. Strokes, lung or bronchial disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and mental disorders are some of the major health issues related to the substance abuse. The dangerous health effects due to long-term practice of this unhealthy habit may also result in death of the abuser.

Unhealthy lifestyle The practice of substance abuse entertains an unhealthy lifestyle. Drug abusers may be involved in use of infected needles, smoking, ignore diet and exercise which may lead to several serious health effects. Many physical as well as psychological effects arise due to frequent use of illegal drugs.

Physical characteristics Certain physical signs and symptoms help in detecting the substance abusers. They are found with red eyes, large or small pupils, unusual skin color, runny nose, bags under eyes, frequent sore throats, puffy face, frequent bruises from falls etc. Needle marks on the body are a clear indication of substance abuse. Certain skin abscesses may be formed due to the needle marks making it much easy to identify them.

Behavioral changes Many changes in behavior and attitude are observed among the drug abusers. Certain typical behavioral alterations and characteristics of substance abusers include decrease in work performance, hanging out with new friends, sudden personality changes, and mood swings. They also prefer to spend longer time in self-imposed isolation. They often tend to lie when questioned regarding their activities and whereabouts. They are more prone to anger, irritation, and violence. Suicidal thoughts and inability to control temper or anger are the indications of drug addiction.

Involvement in crime The most serious characteristic of substance abusers is their involvement in crime related activities. They may steal money or other valuables from home or workplace. Out of anger, they may get into violent activities including fighting with friends or family members and may even attempt to kill others. This affects the abuser as well as others in the society.

If you find any of the above mentioned characteristics in your family members, friends, children employees or any other person, you need to first confirm that they are involved in substance abuse. You need to realize that early drug abusers using right drug detection tools such as drug testing kits help in implementing necessary treatment measures at a right time.

Antibody Drugs Technologies and Global Markets – ReportsnReports


The aim of this report is to provide a range of information-from detailed analysis through industry trends-to quantify and qualify the rapidly growing market for therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) drugs. Forecasts and trends are gleaned from industry sources, analyst reports, and company forecasts, as well as from assessment of available and emerging technologies.

The report develops forecasts for sales of the mAb market by individual antibody, by therapeutic antibody target (epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR], cluster of differentiation [CD] 20, tumor necrosis factor [TNF] alpha, etc.), and by major disease applications from 2011 through 2016. Additionally, we examine strategies employed by biopharmaceutical firms to develop and market products in this explosive market sector.

Our main objective is to present a comprehensive analysis of the current market for therapeutic mAb disease-modifying products and to forecast this market’s future direction through 2016.

Explore the report Antibody Drugs Technology Market

Report Highlights


This study will be of interest to those working in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries and related life science, drug discovery, and diagnostic test manufacturing companies, as well as all those interested or actively working in drug research.

Both individuals looking for a comprehensive listing of mAbs in human clinical-stage development and individuals looking at how the mAb drug marketplace is expected to change (in terms of sales and technology) in the coming years will find this report extremely useful.